block_info: cstarchello_detailpages, Detail title
block_info: cstarchello_detailpages, Stories Authors
block_info: cstarchello_detailpages, Header App Detailpages
Changes have been saved.
block_info: cstarchello_detailpages, Stories Main
Performance lies in every detail. Kilden Performing Arts Centre on the island of Odderøya, Kristiansand, is one of Norway's biggest cultural projects of recent times.

This unique venue combines a 1,185-seat concert hall, a 708-seat theater and opera hall, plus two smaller halls. The building is the new shared home for Agder Theatre Company, Kristiansand Symphony Orchestra, and Opera Sør.

In addition to its important cultural role, Kilden is an iconic landmark for the southern region of Norway. Its undulating wooden facade, resembling a theatrical curtain, contrasts dramatically with the industrial quayside location. But the building's beauty is much more than skin deep - in fact, almost everything about it goes beyond the ordinary.

The design, by Finland's ALA Architects, was selected from 98 entries in an international open competition. That's an unusual story in itself - ALA's four founding partners were recent graduates at the time. When their entry was chosen, they had to act quickly to build the firm of 20 they have today. The winning design successfully combined an iconic appearance with outstanding practicality.

Crossing the divide

The
Loading...
rippled curtain of Kilden's facade is a striking visual feature. It also has an important symbolic function, says ALA Architects founder Samuli Woolston, marking the transition between everyday reality and the realm of creative fantasy.

"We wanted to bridge the divide between the audience and the performers," Woolston says. "When you walk through this curtain, you're already on the side of fantasy. You're walking into the performance. Everything in the building reflects this idea. The exterior surfaces are easily understandable as materials - oak, glass, aluminum, natural stone. But inside, it's all about color and light. There's a dramatic change of atmosphere when you cross the threshold."

The realm of the imagination is balanced with an industrial practicality. "This is fantasy meets factory," Woolston says. "The layout is very straightforward and logical. All the halls are set out in one row, with audience spaces in front and performer spaces behind. The logistics are simple and direct, which is essential in a building that must meet so many combined demands."

Built for sound

Acoustics is naturally a central concern for a venue of this nature, and the choice of utilitarian materials such as concrete was an advantage. "Concrete is a bit unusual for a concert hall," Woolston says. "You see a lot of wood paneling, but that's often more about tradition than acoustic science. Concrete has excellent acoustic properties, including the mass you need to reflect bass sounds well. All four halls have adjustable acoustics, with additional sound absorption available when needed."

The corrugated oak wall in the main foyer is also specially constructed for acoustics. Five-millimeter gaps between planks allow the ROCKWOOL insulation behind the paneling to absorb excess noise from the foyer area.

Energy-saving design

Minimizing environmental impact was an important consideration in the design. The building is connected to the district heating and cooling system, and no space was made bigger than necessary. Windows are angled to capture maximum sunlight, and the black alloy surfaces absorb and release heat energy. High-performance insulation materials, such as the facade's ROCKWOOL insulation, are a key element.

Many of the construction materials have been sourced locally. The facade is local oak - historically important as the city of Kristiansand was founded on the export of oak in the 17th century - and aluminum was supplied by a factory just across the fjord.

Pioneering performance

As well as looking avant-garde, the facade represents something of a technical breakthrough for the timber construction industry, and may well have a significant influence on future projects. AF Gruppen, the main contractor for the Kilden project, gave local timber specialist Trebyggeriet the task of planning and executing the corrugated structure and the building's timber side walls.

ROCKWOOL insulation was specified for the facade, ensuring that the tough demands for thermal performance, fire safety and quality would be satisfied.

The original idea was for the facade to be built in place. But Trebyggeriet proposed a different strategy - prefabricating the timber elements. Their approach would combine traditional craftsmanship and materials with the latest 3D modeling techniques and computerized CNC milling technology.

Around 3,600 m2 of oak wall was prefabricated in 125 sections. To do this, Trebyggeriet joined forces with boat builder Risør Trebåtbyggeri, drawing on the wood-shaping knowhow of traditional boat building. The facade has a deceptively smooth exterior: there are actually over 100,000 screw holes across its surfaces, filled with bungs like the hull of a boat.

Too big for road transport, the prefabricated sections were transported to Kristiansand by barge and hoisted into place using cranes and winches.

Assembling the construction and achieving a flawless finish was a feat that required an unusual level of planning and coordination between the different contractors involved. A critical factor, for example, was ensuring that the timber elements matched with holes drilled for mounting in the steel construction prefabricated by Ruuki in Finland.

Reasons to smile

Since its inauguration in January, 2012, Kilden Performing Arts Centre has hosted a busy schedule of events. It's a world-class venue and a cultural focal point for the south of Norway. But iconic status aside, the building provides something that architect Samuli Woolston feels is often overlooked in modern urban architecture - happiness.

"Architecture should make you happy," he says. "People appreciate expressive buildings, with the additional layer of character and emotion that architecture can bring. It's about thinking of how we can give something back to society, beyond just the most functional solution. That's always possible to some extent - regardless of the budget."
block_info: cstarchello_detailpages, Involved companies (project team and products used)
block_info: cstarchello_detailpages, Relates links
block_info: cstarchello_detailpages, Community Detail

Recent activity

View all

block_info: cstarchello_detailpages, Add comment form block

Your Opinion

Join

to share your opinion. Already joined?

Projects like these make it very easy for us to explain the benefits and architectural freedom you can achieve using Jansen Viss curtain walls in steel. Congratulations to the architects!

block_info: cstarchello_detailpages, Detailpages leaderboard banner
block_info: cstarchello_detailpages, Homeslider to detail page
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    London Aquatics Centre by Zaha Hadid, Foreco and VS-A.

    Read more
     Zaha Hadid as Architects
     Foreco as Manufacturers
     VS-A | Façade Engineering as Engineers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Ziggo Dome by Benthem Crouwel, Bolidt and Twentinox.

    Read more
     Benthem Crouwel as Architects
     Bolidt as Manufacturers Flooring
     Twentinox as Manufacturers Facade
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Pérez Art Museum Miami by Herzog and de Meuron , ArquitectonicaGEO and Patrick Blanc.

    Read more
     Herzog and de Meuron as Architects
     ArquitectonicaGEO as Landscape Architects
     Patrick Blanc as Artist
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Wyly Theatre by REX, FilzFelt and 2x4.

    Read more
     REX as Architects
     FilzFelt as Manufacturers
     2x4 as Designers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    House of Music by COOP HIMMELB(L)AU, Knauf Danoline and Poltrona Frau Group.

    Read more
     COOP HIMMELB(L)AU as Architect
     Knauf Danoline as Manufacturers
     Poltrona Frau Group Contract as Manufacturers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Middelfart Savings Bank by 3XN, ROCKFON and Studio Olafur Eliasson.

    Read more
     3XN as Architects
     ROCKFON® as Manufacturers
     Studio Olafur Eliasson as Designer
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Norwegian National Opera and Ballet by Snøhetta, Statsbygg and Frapont S.A..

    Read more
     Snøhetta as Architects
     Statsbygg as Clients
     Frapont S.A. as Manufacturers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    PARKROYAL by WOHA, Tierra Design and Kristalia.

    Read more
     WOHA as Architects
     Tierra Design (S) Pte Ltd as Landscape Architects
     Kristalia as Manufacturers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Foundation Louis Vuitton Museum by Fondation Louis Vuitton, Royal Boon Edam and Sadev.

    Read more
     Fondation Louis Vuitton as Association
     Royal Boon Edam International BV as Manufacturers
     Sadev Architectural Glass Systems as Engineers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Fogo island Inn by Saunders Architecture, Dark Tools and WETSTYLE.

    Read more
     Saunders Architecture as Architects
     Dark Tools as Architects
     WETSTYLE as Manufacturers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Statoil Regional and International Offices by A-lab, Hunter Douglas and Schüco.

    Read more
     A-lab as Architects
     Hunter Douglas as Manufacturers
     Schüco as Manufacturers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Mercedes-Benz Museum by UNStudio, Bolidt and Concrete.

    Read more
     UNStudio as Architects
     Bolidt as Manufacturers
     concrete as Interior Architects
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Villa Kogelhof by Architectenbureau Paul de Ruiter, Gira and Si-X.

    Read more
     Architectenbureau Paul de Ruiter as Architects
     Gira as Manufacturers
     Si-X as Manufacturers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Gardens by the Bay by Grant Associates, Foreco and Lighting Planners Associates Inc.

    Read more
     Grant Associates as Landscape Architects
     Foreco as Manufacturers
     Lighting Planners Associates Inc. as Designers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Kaap Skil Museum by Mecanoo, Bolidt and Kossmann.dejong.

    Read more
     Mecanoo as Architects
     Bolidt as Manufacturers
     Kossmann.dejong as Interior Architects
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Seattle Central Library by OMA, Inside Outside and RENSON®.

    Read more
     OMA as Architects
     Inside Outside as Landscape Architects
     RENSON® as Manufacturers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    deBrug/deKade by JHK Architecten, newDirections and Hunter Douglas.

    Read more
     JHK Architecten as Architects
     newDirections as Interior Architects
     Hunter Douglas as Manufacturers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Rijksmuseum by by Cruz y Ortiz arquitectos, Arup and ADP architecten.

    Read more
     Cruz y Ortiz arquitectos as Architects
     ARUP as Engineers
     ADP architecten as Architects
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    The Spiegel by Henning Larsen Architects, RENSON® and Alcantara Stone™.

    Read more
     Henning Larsen Architects as Architects
     RENSON® as Manufacturers
     Alcantara Stone™ as Manufacturers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    El Batel Auditorium and Conference Center by Selgas Cano Arquitectos, Figueras and Polimer Tecnic.

    Read more
     Selgas Cano Arquitectos as Architects
     Figueras as Manufacturers
     Polimer Tecnic as Manufacturers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    TNT Headquarters by Architectenbureau Paul de Ruiter, Interface and Royal Boon Edam International BV.

    Read more
     Architectenbureau Paul de Ruiter as Architects
     Interface as Manufacturers
     Royal Boon Edam International BV as Manufacturers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Heydar Aliyev Center by Zaha Hadid, Maligno Srl and Bolidt.

    Read more
     Zaha Hadid as Architects
     Bolidt as Manufacturers
     Maligno Srl as Designers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Harpa Concert & Conference Centre by Henning Larsen Architects, Harpa and Studio Olafur Eliasson.

    Read more
     Henning Larsen Architects as Architects
     Harpa as Other
     Studio Olafur Eliasson as Manufacturers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Education and Tax Offices by UNStudio, Schüco and Artitec

    Read more
     UNStudio as Architects
     Schüco as Manufacturers
     Artitec as Manufacturers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Museum of History by Lahdelma & Mahlamäki Architects, Progress Eco and Maciek Jeżyk Fotografia

    Read more
     Lahdelma & Mahlamäki Architects as Architects
     Progress Eco as Manufacturers
     Maciek Jeżyk Fotografia as Photographers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    IT University by Henning Larsen Architects, Knauf Danoline and HOWE

    Read more
     Henning Larsen Architects as Architects
     Knauf Danoline as Manufacturers
     HOWE as Manufacturers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    UBC Faculty Pharmaceutical Sciences by Saucier+Perrotte Architectes, Inland Glass & Aluminum Ltd. and NGX interactive

    Read more
     Saucier + Perrotte architectes as Architects
     Inland Glass & Aluminum Ltd. as Manufacturers
     NGX interactive as Manufacturers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Torre Agbar by b720 Fermin Vazquez Arquitectos, ROCKWOOL International A/S and Simón García

    Read more
     b720 Fermin Vazquez Arquitectos as Architects
     ROCKWOOL International A/S as Manufacturers
     Simón García as Association
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    MAS by Neutelings Riedijk Architecten, ABT Adviesbureau voor Bouwtechniek, Bureau Bouwtechniek

    Read more
     Neutelings Riedijk Architecten as Architects
     ABT Adviesbureau voor Bouwtechniek as Engineers
     Bureau Bouwtechniek as Engineers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Museo Soumaya by FR-EE Fernando Romero Enterprise, Geometrica and Ypasa

    Read more
     FR-EE Fernando Romero Enterprise as Architects
     Geometrica as Manufacturers
     ypasa as Sub-Contractor
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Fletcher Hotels by Benthem Crouwel, Sanindusa and Fletcher Hotels.

    Read more
     Benthem Crouwel as Architects
     Sanindusa as Manufacturers
     Fletcher Hotels as Developers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Marina Bay Sands by Safdie Architects, ROCKWOOL B.V. / ROCKPANEL Group, Grohe and 1 more involved.

    Read more
     Safdie Architects as Architects
     ROCKWOOL B.V. / ROCKPANEL Group as Manufacturers
     Grohe as Manufacturers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Watercube Beijing by Bolidt, Arup, Vector Foiltec and 1 more involved.

    Read more
     Bolidt as Floor Manufacturer
     ARUP as Engineers
     Vector Foiltec GmbH as Manufacturer Facade
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Court of Justice Hasselt by J. Mayer&Partner, Lens°ass architects and J.M.A. Photography.

    Read more
     J. MAYER H. und Partner as Architects
     Lens°ass architects as Architects
     José Manuel Alorda Photography as Photographers
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    De Rotterdam by OMA, Vetrotech, Strabag Belgium and 1 more involved.

    Read more
     OMA as Architects
     Vetrotech Saint-Gobain as Manufacturers
     STRABAG Belgium nv as Contractors
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Agora Theathre by UNStudio, Moso Bamboo and Archtitectenweb.

    Read more
     UNStudio as Architects
     MOSO Bamboo Products as Manufacturers
     Architectenweb Magazine as Media
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Library of Birmingham by Mecanoo, GVA Grimley and Theateradvies bv.

    Read more
     Mecanoo as Architects
     GVA Grimley Ltd. as Consultants
     Theateradvies bv as Consultants
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Theatre the Stoep by UNStudio, ARUP and A. de Jong Group.

    Read more
     UNStudio as Architects
     ARUP as Engineers
     A. de Jong Groep as Manufacturer
  • HOW IT'S MADE

    Discover the products, stories and building teams behind the project.

    Library and Learning Center by Zaha Hadid, Rieder Smart Elements and Arup.

    Read more
     Zaha Hadid as Architects
     Rieder Smart Elements GmbH as Manufacturers
     ARUP as Engineers
block_info: cstarchello_detailpages, Detailpages listing block

Discover more Concert Halls